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Does unbalanced gender composition at the work place influence

Paper i proceeding
Författare Kristina Holmgren
Publicerad i 5th European Public Health Conference (O), Malta, 2012
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för arbetsterapi, audiologi och fysioterapi
Språk en
Länkar www.eupha.org/programme/dynamic_pro...
Ämnesord Gender composition, Job strain, Psychosocial working conditions, Sickness absence
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

Background Earlier research has shown that bad psychosocial working conditions contribute to sick-leave. Some theorists argue that skewed gender composition can be one of the factors contributing to bad psychosocial working conditions. We examined whether workplace gender composition had an effect on the association between job strain and sick-leave. Method Associations were assessed using a case-control design with data from the Health Assets Project based in the Västra Götaland region, Sweden. Data was collected in 2008 and the study population consisted of 2,702 from a randomized general population cohort and 2,893 from an employed sick-listed cohort (n=5,595). Results Results indicated that there was an association between high strain jobs and sickness absence among both women (Adj. OR 2.04, CI95% 1.62-2.57) and men (2.24, 1.67-3.01). Furthermore, both women (2.87, 1.34-6.26) and men (2.53, 1.74-3-69) in male-dominated workplaces had the highest risk for sickness absence due to high strain jobs. Male-dominated workplaces were, in general adverse for both women and men. Conclusions The results indicated that a minority position strengthens job strain for women while it weakens the association for men. Using modern gender theories, we could argue that some of these results might be explained by the general use of masculinity as the social norm in the labor market. However, findings from this study need to be validated by further research.

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