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Speech problems affect more than one in two children with cerebral palsy: Swedish population-based study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ann Nordberg
Carmela Miniscalco
Anette Lohmander
Kate Himmelmann
Publicerad i Acta Paediatrica
Volym 102
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 161-166
ISSN 0803-5253
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 161-166
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.12076
Ämneskategorier Logopedi och foniatrik, Pediatrik

Sammanfattning

AIM: To describe speech ability in a population-based study of children with cerebral palsy (CP), in relation to CP subtype, motor function, cognitive level and neuroimaging findings. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 129 children (66 girls, 63 boys) with CP, born in 1999-2002, was carried out. Speech ability and background information, such as type of CP, motor function, cognitive level and neuroimaging data, were collected and analysed. RESULTS: Speech disorders were found in 21% of the children and were present in all types of CP. Forty-one per cent of the children with speech disorders also had mental retardation, and 42% were able to walk independently. A further 32% of the children were nonverbal, and maldevelopment and basal ganglia lesions were most common in this group. The remaining 47% had no speech disorders, and this group was most likely to display white matter lesions of immaturity. CONCLUSION: More than half of the children in this CP cohort had a speech disorder (21%) or were nonverbal (32%). Speech ability was related to the type of CP, gross motor function, the presence of mental retardation and the localization of brain maldevelopment and lesions. Neuroimaging results differed between the three speech ability groups.

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