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Self-reported physical activity and aerobic fitness are differently related to mental health

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Magnus Lindwall
Thomas Ljung
Emina Hadzibajramovic
Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir
Publicerad i Mental Health and Physical Activity
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 28-34
ISSN 1755-2966
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för fysiologi
Psykologiska institutionen
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 28-34
Språk en
Länkar https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/115997
Ämneskategorier Idrottsvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

Background: A relevant, but overlooked question is if self-reported physical activity and aerobic fitness are differently related to mental health. Purpose: To examine the relation between mental health and level of self-reported physical activity (SRPA) and aerobic fitness (AF), and whether AF mediates the relation between SRPA and mental health. Methods: Participating in the study were 177 voluntary subjects (49% men, 51% women) with a mean age of 39 years. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured through the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, and the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ) was used to evaluate self-reported symptoms of burnout. Leisure time SRPA during the last three months were measured using a single item. AF was measured by using the Åstrand bicycle test. Results: Self-reported physical activity, but not AF, was significantly related to self-reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and burnout. Light to moderate physical activity that is performed regularly seems to be associated with more favorable mental health pattern compared with physical inactivity. No support was found for the mediating effect of AF of the physical activityemental health relationship. Conclusions: Self-reported behavior of regular physical activity seems to be more important to monitor than measures of AF when considering the potential preventive effects of physical activity on mental health.

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