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Identity Formation and Body-Esteem among Swedish 18-year-olds

Paper i proceeding
Författare Maria Wängqvist
Ann Frisén
Sara Henriksson
Publicerad i Symposium at the 13th Biennal Conference for the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Spetses, Greece, 29/8-1/9, 2012
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Is body-esteem related to identity formation or are they best described as independent constructs? In this study with Swedish 18-year-olds (N = 714, 394 women) associations between identity formation and body-esteem were indeed found. The measures being used was the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ, Balistreri, Busch-Rossnagel, & Geisinger, 1995) and the Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA, Mendelson, Mendelson, & Withe, 2001). The associations were not the same for women as for men. For women identity achievement was associated with more positive body-esteem, whereas for the men the association was between foreclosure and higher body-esteem. Women in the identity achievement group had more positive evaluations of their appearance than women in the moratorium group and had more positive perceptions of how others evaluated their looks than women in any of the other identity status groups. For men, it was those in the foreclosure group who were most satisfied with their appearance while those in the identity diffusion group where the least satisfied. Also, significant gender differences in identity status emerged. For men, identity diffusion was the most common identity status, but for women moratorium was the most common. Hence, in this study, identity diffusion was more common for men than it was for women. In sum, the study revealed associations between identity formation and body-esteem, but also gender differences in identity status distributions and in the associations between identity formation and body-esteem.

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