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Kontext som aktivitet, situationstyp och praktik. En kritisk analys av kontextbegreppet i systemisk-funktionell teori

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Per Holmberg
Publicerad i Språk och stil
Nummer/häfte NF 22:1
Sidor 67-86
ISSN 1101-1165
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 67-86
Språk sv
Länkar https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/83043
Ämnesord context, Systemic Functional Grammar, register, research on writing
Ämneskategorier Språk och litteratur

Sammanfattning

This article critically investigates how context is constructed in Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG). The task is motivated by the immense influence of SFG in text and discourse analysis, and its recent theoretical applications to research on Swedish. The investigation has as its point of departure Halliday’s presentation of context in Language, context and text (Halliday & Hasan 1985), and it focuses on Halliday’s analysis of three examples: an extract of casual interaction, a love poem and a lecture broadcast on radio. Halliday’s perspective on context is applied to journalistic essays written by students in Swedish upper secondary school. Two main theoretical problems are observed. Firstly, the students’ essays do not seem to have context at all in the sense that Halliday elaborates in his analysis of the casual interaction; this is because the video-recorded activity of the writing process cannot be taken as a sufficiently meaningful context. Secondly, although the texts can be analyzed as having “context in text”, it turns out to be difficult to generalize this finding in terms of situation type. A complementary perspective is proposed that makes it possible to analyze the students’ work as a chain of activities realized in a chain of texts. The study is a part of the research project “Text activities and the development of knowledge in school”, funded by the Swedish Research Council.

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