Till sidans topp

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion
Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11 15:12

Tipsa en vän
Utskriftsversion

Mechanisms and pathophysi… - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Mechanisms and pathophysiology of the low-level blast brain injury in animal models

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Annette Säljö
Maria Mayorga
Hayde Bolouri
Berndt Svensson
Anders Hamberger
Publicerad i NeuroImage
Volym 54
Nummer/häfte Suppl 1
Sidor S83-S88
ISSN 1053-8119
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk kemi och cellbiologi
Sidor S83-S88
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.201...
Ämnesord blast overpressure, brain injury, brain edema, cognitive function, intracranial pressure, shock tube
Ämneskategorier Kemi, Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Sammanfattning

The symptoms of primary blast-induced mTBI, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression overlap. Evidence of an organic basis for these entities has been scarce and controversial. We present a review of animal studies demonstrating that low-level blast causes pathophysiological and functional changes in the brain. We monitor a time period from minutes to approximately 1 week after blast exposure from multiple modes (air, underwater, localized and whole body). The most salient findings observed were (1) the peak pressures (P(max)) in the brain, elicited from the blast from the firing of military weapons (P(max) 23-45 kPa), have a similar magnitude as that registered in air close to the head. Corresponding measurements during the detonation pulse from explosives under water show a P(max) in the brain, which is only 10% of that in water outside the head. (2) The rise time of the pressure curve is 10 times longer in the brain as compared with the blast in air outside the head during firing of military weapons. (3) The lower frequencies in the blast wave appear to be transmitted more readily to the brain than the higher frequencies. (4) When animals are exposed to low levels of blast, the blast wave appears mostly transmitted directly to the brain during air exposure, not via the thorax or abdomen. (5) Low levels of blast cause brain edema, as indicated by increased bioelectrical impedance, an increase in the intracranial pressure, small brain hemorrhages and impaired cognitive function.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?