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Body size and lifestyle in an urban population entering adulthood: the 'Grow up Gothenburg' Study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Agneta Sjöberg
Marie-Louise Barrenäs
Ebba Brann
John Chaplin
Jovanna Dahlgren
Staffan Mårild
Lauren Lissner
Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Publicerad i Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
Volym 101
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor 964-972
ISSN 1651-2227
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 964-972
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012...
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik

Sammanfattning

Aim:  To present data on body size, lifestyle and health status in students in their final year in high schools in Gothenburg area, Sweden, with specific attention to origin and gender. Methods:  Weight, height and waist circumference were measured by standardized procedures. Self-administered questionnaires described dietary habits, sleep, physical activity, body image, country of origin and general health. Results:  Eighty-six percent of participants, (2600 girls, 2714 boys, mean age 18.6 years) were of Nordic origin, 86% reported no chronic health problems and 14%/19% of girls/boys were overweight or obese. Girls consumed more vegetables and fruits and fewer sweet drinks than boys, while breakfast consumption was most common in Nordic groups. Boys reported more positive answers than girls regarding body image. Nordic girls had more negative body image and higher morbidity compared with other groups. Conclusion:  Within this generally healthy cohort, boys were more likely to be overweight/obese than girls, although paradoxically boys were more satisfied with their appearance. Nordic girls constitute a group with particularly high risk of reporting low body self-esteem and chronic morbidity. In the longer term, the current cross-sectional data on body size, lifestyle and health will provide important baseline information for future follow-up studies of health outcomes in later life.

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