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Childhood obesity and prevention in different socio-economic contexts

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Maria B Magnusson
Agneta Sjöberg
Karin I Kjellgren
Lauren Lissner
Publicerad i Preventive medicine
Volym 53
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 402-407
ISSN 0091-7435
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för medicin
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor 402-407
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org.ezproxy.ub.gu.se/10.1016...
Ämnesord Obesity, Primary prevention, Emigrants and immigrants, PATTERNS, SCHOOL-CHILDREN, ChildOverweight, Prevention, Socioeconomic factors, Obesity - prevention & control, ADOLESCENTS, WEIGHT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, Obesity - ethnology, Adolescent, Obesity in children, MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL, INTERNATIONAL SURVEY, Health behaviour
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

To assess recent trends in obesity, health beliefs, and lifestyles in Swedish schoolchildren, with focus on socioeconomic disparities. The study was conducted in two areas with high and low socioeconomic status (SES). 340 11-12 year olds participated in three cross-sectional surveys assessing food-related behaviours, physical activity and health beliefs, together with anthropometric examinations. Comparisons were made before and after a community-based intervention (2003 versus 2008) within the low-SES school, and between the low and high-SES school (2008 only). In the low-SES school BMI z-score decreased over 5 years (0.80 vs 0.46) as did the percentage of children frequently consuming sweet drinks (43.5 vs 26.8%), statistically significant in girls only (p<0.05). Children increasingly perceived benefits of healthy life-styles (37 vs 55%). In 2008, consumption of breakfast, vegetables, sweets and sweet drinks differed between schools, as did screen-time and physical activity, all in favour of the high SES-school where the obesity-prevalence was significantly lower (0.8 vs 6.7%). Positive changes in diet and weight status were observed, especially in girls, within a low-income multi-ethnic community undergoing a health promotion intervention. Our results underscore the multifactorial etiology of childhood obesity and the importance of continuing tailored, gender-sensitive prevention efforts.

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