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Secular changes in personality: study on 75-year-olds examined in 1976-1977 and 2005-2006.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Eva Billstedt
Margda Waern
Paul Duberstein
Thomas Marlow
Tore Hellström
Svante Östling
Ingmar Skoog
Publicerad i International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volym 28
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 298-304
ISSN 0885-6230
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Sidor 298-304
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.3825
Ämnesord personality; epidemiology; secular change; Eysenck Personality Inventory; older
Ämneskategorier Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE: In order to study secular changes in personality factors neuroticism and extroversion, representative population samples of non-demented 75-year-olds underwent psychiatric examinations in 1976-1977 (total n = 223, 138 women, 85 men) and 2005-2006 (total n = 556, 322 women and 234 men). METHODS: Eysenck Personality Inventory was used at both occasions. Demographic factors (educational level, marital status, having children) were registered. RESULTS: Seventy-five-year-olds examined in 2005-2006 had higher values on extroversion and lower values on the Lie scale compared with those examined in 1976-1977. Neuroticism did not differ between the two birth cohorts. Neuroticism scores were higher in women than in men both in 1976-1977 and 2005-2006, and Lie score was higher in women than in men in 2005-2006. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that present cohorts of 75-year-olds are more extroverted and less prone to respond in a socially desirable manner than those born three decades earlier. Neuroticism levels remained unchanged, suggesting this trait may be less influenced by environmental factors than the other traits studied.

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