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Angiotensin II receptors are expressed and functional in human esophageal mucosa.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anna Casselbrant
Anders Edebo
Peter Hallersund
Emma Spak
Herbert F Helander
Claes Jönson
Lars Fändriks
Publicerad i American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
Volym 297
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor G1019-27
ISSN 1522-1547
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för gastrokirurgisk forskning och utbildning
Sidor G1019-27
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.00255.2009
Ämnesord Adult, Angiotensin II, pharmacology, Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers, pharmacology, Angiotensin II Type 2 Receptor Blockers, Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists, Benzimidazoles, pharmacology, Biopsy, Blood Vessels, metabolism, Electric Impedance, Electrophysiological Phenomena, drug effects, physiology, Epithelial Cells, metabolism, Esophagus, cytology, metabolism, Female, Gene Expression, genetics, Humans, Hydrochloric Acid, pharmacology, Imidazoles, pharmacology, Losartan, pharmacology, Male, Middle Aged, Mucous Membrane, cytology, drug effects, metabolism, Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A, genetics, metabolism, Pyridines, pharmacology, Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1, genetics, metabolism, Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2, agonists, genetics, metabolism, Receptors, Angiotensin, agonists, metabolism, Tetrazoles, pharmacology
Ämneskategorier Kirurgi

Sammanfattning

Only few studies have been devoted to the actions of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the human gastrointestinal tract. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the expression and action of RAS in the human esophageal mucosa. Mucosal specimens with normal histological appearance were obtained from healthy subjects undergoing endoscopy and from patients undergoing esophagectomy due to neoplasm. Gene and protein expressions of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor type 1 (AT(1)) and type 2 (AT(2)) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) were analyzed. In vivo functionality in healthy volunteers was reflected by assessing transmucosal potential difference (PD). Ussing chamber technique was used to analyze the different effects of Ang II on its AT(1) and AT(2) receptors. Immunoreactivity to AT(1) and AT(2) was localized to stratum superficiale and spinosum in the epithelium. ACE, AT(1), and AT(2) were found in blood vessel walls. Transmucosal PD in vivo increased following administration of the AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan. In Ussing preparations mean basal transmural PD was -6.4 mV, epithelial current (I(ep)) 34 muA/cm(2), and epithelial resistance (R(ep)) 321 Omega.cm(2). Serosal exposure to Ang II increased PD as a result of increased I(ep), whereas R(ep) was constant. Ang II given together with the selective AT(1)-receptor antagonist losartan, or AT(2) agonist C21 given alone, resulted in a similar effect. Ang II given in presence of the AT(2)-receptor antagonist PD123319 did not influence PD, but I(ep) decreased and R(ep) increased. In conclusion, Ang II receptors and ACE are expressed in the human esophageal epithelium. The results suggest that AT(2)-receptor stimulation increases epithelial ion transport, whereas the AT(1) receptor inhibits ion transport and increases R(ep).

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