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Instruction-in-interaction: The teaching and learning of a manual skill

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Oskar Lindwall
Anna Ekström
Publicerad i Human Studies
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 27-49
ISSN 0163-8548
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Linnécentret for forskning om lärande (LinCS)
Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande
Sidor 27-49
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10746-012-9213-...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/128870
Ämneskategorier Pedagogik, Kommunikationsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

This study takes an interest in instructions and instructed actions in the context of manual skills. The analysis focuses on a video recorded episode where a teacher demonstrates how to crochet chain stitches, requests a group of students to reproduce her actions, and then repeatedly corrects the attempts of one of the students. The initial request, and the students’ responses to it, could be seen as preliminary to the series of corrective sequences that come next: the request and the following attempts make it possible for the teacher to launch instructional sequences specifically designed and addressed to the students who need further guidance. In the interaction between the teacher and the novice student, the reasoned character of the instructed actions is not explained so much as installed and tuned. The materiality of the project makes it possible for the two parties to methodically and meticulously adjust their actions in accordance with each other, and towards the gradual realization of the aimed-for results. In connection to this, a number of issues pertaining to the reproducibility and recognizability of manual skills are raised: how instructions-in-interaction orient towards the progression of the skill rather than the interaction itself; how attempts by and mistakes of the instructed party provide grounds for further instruction; and, consequently, how instructions in the form of corrections build on the instructor’s continuous assessments of the instructed actions.

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