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From vernacular to national language: Language planning and the discourse of science in eighteenth-century Sweden

Kapitel i bok
Författare Anna Helga Hannesdottir
Publicerad i Languages of Science in the Eighteenth Century. Ed. by Britt-Louise Gunnarsson. De Gruyter Mouton ISBN 978-3-11-025505-8
Sidor 107-122
ISBN 3-11-025505-7
Förlag De Gruyter Mouton
Förlagsort Berlin
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 107-122
Språk en
Ämnesord Swedish, language history, language planning, standardization, Carl Linnaeus
Ämneskategorier Svenska språket

Sammanfattning

In this article a fresh approach is suggested to the problem of the transition from vernacular Swedish to a fully-developed medium of scientific discourse. It is argued that the sociolinguist Einar Haugen's notion of "language planning" can also serve as a model to analyse and explain language change from a sociolonguistic point of view. The author applies the four phases of this LP model, i.e. selection, codification, implementation and elaboration, to describe the progression which Swedish underwent, from a poorly codified vernacular to a developed, standardized language. With reference to these four phases, she elaborates on the role played by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. According to the author, Linnaeus supported the selection and implementation phases by promoting Swedish rather than Latin for the lectures and transactions of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Linnaeus also contributed directly to the elaboration and codification phases by creating a Swedish vocabulary appropriate to his scientific findings.

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