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Temperament and character in adults with Asperger syndrome.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Henrik Söderström
Maria Råstam
Christopher Gillberg
Publicerad i Autism
Volym 6
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 287-297
ISSN 1362-3613
Publiceringsår 2002
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Sidor 287-297
Språk en
Ämnesord Adaptation, Psychologica,l Adolescent, Adult, Asperger Syndrome, Psychology, Character, Cooperative Behavior, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Disorders, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Etiology, Personality Inventory, Temperament
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

To study the personality characteristics of adults with Asperger syndrome, and investigate the value of self-rating personality inventories, we administered the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to 31 outpatients with Asperger syndrome. The TCI is a self-rating personality inventory that has been validated in the Swedish general population. The results were compared with age- and sex-matched norm groups. Participants with Asperger syndrome scored significantly higher on harm avoidance and lower on self-directedness and cooperativeness. Reward dependence and novelty seeking tended to be low. They also had significantly higher rarity scores, reflecting idiosyncratic perspectives. The most common temperament configurations were ‘obsessional’, ‘passive-dependent’ and ‘explosive’. Character, reflecting conceptual maturity, was poorly developed in the majority of our subjects. The self-ratings of persons with Asperger syndrome thus indicated anxious personalities with coping difficulties in the areas of social interaction and self-directedness, a picture corresponding to the clinical descriptions of Asperger syndrome.

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