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Children with blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity: a population-based study. Perinatal data, neurological and ophthalmological outcome.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lena Jacobson
Elisabeth Fernell
Ulf Broberger
Ulla Ek
Christopher Gillberg
Publicerad i Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volym 40
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 155-159
ISSN 0012-1622
Publiceringsår 1998
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Sidor 155-159
Språk en
Länkar onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111...
Ämnesord Adolescent, Birth Weight, Blindness, Complications, Etiology, Surgery, Cerebral Palsy, Complications, Child, Cryotherapy, Epilepsy, Complications, Eye Enucleation, Female, Gestational Age, Glaucoma, Etiology, Humans. Infant, Newborn, Male, Mental Retardation, Complications, Postoperative Complications, Etiology, Registries, Retinopathy of Prematurity, Complications, Epidemiology, Therapy, Retrospective Studies, Sweden, Epidemiology
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap, Psykiatri, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

A population-based group of 27 children with total blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), born in Sweden from 1980 to 1990, was examined. They constituted all but two of the total of 29 children with total blindness due to ROP known to the national register of visually impaired children when reviewed from 1980 to 1 January 1995. All children had a gestational age of less than 31 weeks and most had had a complicated perinatal period. The retinal disease was discovered late, most often after it had already progressed to bilateral retinal detachment. Repeated vitreoretinal surgery had been performed in most children, but postoperative visual function did not improve. Three-quarters of the group had major neurological impairment (mental retardation, cerebral palsy, or epilepsy) at age 4 to 14 years. There was an impression that extensive ophthalmological efforts delayed neurodevelopmental assessments and examinations as well as adequate habilitation.

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