Till sidans topp

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion
Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11 15:12

Tipsa en vän
Utskriftsversion

Autism: not an extremely … - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Autism: not an extremely rare disorder

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christopher Gillberg
Lorna Wing
Publicerad i Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volym 99
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 399-406
ISSN 0001-690X
Publiceringsår 1999
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Sidor 399-406
Språk en
Ämnesord Adolescent, Adult, Autistic Disorder, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Prevalence, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Severity of Illness Index, Time Factors
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE: To study autism over time in order to ascertain whether there has been an increase in its prevalence in recent years. METHOD: All English language papers on the prevalence of autism were reviewed. Ten of the studies retrieved were not used in the final analysis because they did not meet full criteria for inclusion in the review. The remaining 20 studies, published between 1966 and 1997, were subdivided into US studies (n=2) and non-US studies (n=18), and the latter group was subdivided into four 8-year periods. RESULTS: The early studies yielded prevalence rates of under 0.5 in 1000 children, whereas the later ones showed a mean rate of about 1 in 1000. There was a marked difference in prevalence rates between those studies that included some children born before 1970 (low rates) and those that included only children born in 1970 and after (high rates). This is probably due to the lower rates obtained by use of criteria strictly based on Kanner's description of his syndrome. The US studies reported atypically low rates. There was a highly significant estimated increase with calendar year in the non-US studies (3.8% per year). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that autism is considerably more common than was previously believed. The possible reasons for the higher reported rates are discussed.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?