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Urban transformations and the importance of public spaces and urban places

Paper i proceeding
Författare Gabriella Sandstig
Publicerad i IAMCR's 2011 Conference in Istanbul, Turkey 13-17 July
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMG)
Språk en
Ämnesord urban public space park wirth Tarhir
Ämneskategorier Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

The role of the media in society is closely intervened with the rise of the modern city and the urban society. The development of the modern press coincided with the second wave of urbanization and the growth or modern society. Urbanization gave the foundation for a newspaper market, kept the city socially united and the importance of news increased in pace with the importance of communication (Park, 1925/1967; 1955). Four phases of communicative changes up until today are noticable. First hand experiences decreased and second hand contact became more common, more shallow and rational due to the population sizes of the modern cities (Wirth, 1938/1971). The first hand experiences continue to decrease but also second hand experiences. The latter due to the increased importance of visual representations, and that the perceptions of the city are becoming more important. As consequences we no longer always know from were our experiences steams. The cities public spaces and public spheres in the media are two sides of the same coin. The media have been described as the extension of our minds (Nordenstreng, 1978) while the cities have been described as an extension of our bodies (McLuhan, 1964). If the physical world is an expression for our self this in facts means that the physical world, like media images, are possible to interpret like a context bound mirror of our thoughts through different times expressed individual, collective or institutionalized values and ideals. These values and ideals are in turn specific to the situation. The physical world isn’t just stone or glass, but like the media symbolic were it can be seen as a kind of text that mediate messages of both older and newer times. This puts the texts and representations of places like the Tarhir square in the media in a new context.

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