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A population-based study on phobic fears and DSM-IV specific phobia in 70-year olds.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Robert Sigström
Svante Östling
Björn Karlsson
Margda Waern
Deborah Gustafson
Ingmar Skoog
Publicerad i Journal of anxiety disorders
Volym 25
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 148-53
ISSN 1873-7897
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 148-53
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.0...
Ämnesord Phobic anxiety; Specific phobia; Epidemiology; Comorbidity; Old age
Ämneskategorier Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

This population-based study reports on the prevalence and characteristics of specific phobia (SP) and phobic fears in an elderly population. A representative population sample of Swedish 70-year-olds without dementia (N = 558) was examined using semi-structured interviews. Phobic fears included fear of animals, natural environment, specific situations, blood-injection-injury and 'other'. Mental disorders, including SP, were diagnosed according to DSM-IV. Phobic fears (71.0% vs. 37.9%) and SP (13.8% vs. 4.5%) were more common in women than in men. Among those with phobic fears, more than 80% reported onset before age 21. Of those with SP, 35.7% had another DSM-IV diagnosis compared to 8.5% of those reporting no fear. Fear of specific situations and 'other' fears were related to SP and other anxiety disorders. SP was related to lower global functioning. We conclude that specific phobia in the elderly should receive attention from health professionals as it is common and associated with a decrease in global functioning.

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