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Pro-inflammatory cytokine gene expression in the stomach correlates with vaccine-induced protection against Helicobacter pylori infection in mice: an important role for interleukin-17 during the effector phase.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Carl-Fredrik Flach
Anna Karin Ostberg
Anne-Therese Nilsson
Rene De Waal Malefyt
Sukanya Raghavan
Publicerad i Infection and immunity
Volym 79
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 879-886
ISSN 1098-5522
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för mikrobiologi och immunologi
Sidor 879-886
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00756-10
Ämnesord Helicobacter pylori, vaccine, mouse, IFNγ, IL-17
Ämneskategorier Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området, Medicinsk mikrobiologi, Immunbiologi

Sammanfattning

CD4(+) T cells have been shown to be essential for vaccine-induced protection against Helicobacter pylori infection in mice. Less is known about relative contributions of individual cell subpopulations, such as TH1 and TH17 cells, and their associated cytokines. The aim of the present study was to find immune correlates to vaccine-induced protection and further study their role in protection against H. pylori infection. Immunized and unimmunized mice were challenged with H. pylori and immune responses were compared. Vaccine-induced protection was assessed by measuring H. pylori colonization in the stomach. Gastric gene expression of TH1- and/or TH17-associated cytokines was analyzed by quantitative PCR and contributions of individual cytokines to protection were evaluated by antibody-mediated in vivo neutralization. By analyzing immunized and unimmunized mice a significant inverse correlation could be demonstrated between levels of interleukin (IL)-12p40, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF), interferon γ (IFNγ) and IL-17 gene expression and number of H. pylori in the stomach of individual animals after challenge. In a kinetic study, up-regulation of TNF, IFNγ and IL-17 coincided with vaccine-induced protection 7 days after H. pylori challenge and was sustained for at least 21 days. In vivo neutralization of these cytokines during the effector phase of the immune response revealed a significant role for IL-17, but not for IFNγ or TNF, in vaccine-induced protection. In conclusion, although both TH1- and TH17-associated gene expression in the stomach correlate with vaccine-induced protection against H. pylori infection, our study indicates that mainly TH17 effector mechanisms are of critical importance to protection.

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