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Constructing gender, place and work: Food hawking in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Anja Franck
Publicerad i Food hawkers: Selling in the street from antiquity to the present, 22-23 April 2010, Cambridge
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kulturgeografi och ekonomisk geografi
Språk en
Ämnesord hawking, gender, Malaysia, Penang, informal economy
Ämneskategorier Social och ekonomisk geografi, Genusstudier, Arbetslivsstudier

Sammanfattning

Abstract: Hawking is a permanent feature in most Malaysian cities and an important part of the country’s informal economy. Although some studies have been conducted, there is still relatively little knowledge around the Malaysian informal economy in general and women’s informal work in particular. This paper focuses on female food hawking in Pulau Pinang in the northern part of Malaysia. It explores the relationship between hawking and the construction of gender (at the intersection of age, class and ethnicity), work and place. The paper is based upon field-work conducted in Pulau Pinang during 2009. Around 80 female hawkers have been interviewed at three different morning markets – most of them selling prepared food, fresh fruits or vegetables. A majority of the women work in licensed stalls in fixed market places, some sell in unlicensed stalls outside the market area and a limited number also work from home. Prior to marriage and children most of the women held jobs in the formal economy either as factory workers or in the service sector. The aim of this paper is to contribute to an increased understanding of women’s food hawking in Malaysia as an important case of women’s informal labor market participation.

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