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If Seebohm Rowntree had studied Sweden - ho poverty changed in the city of Goteborg from 1925 to 2003

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Björn Gustafsson
Birgitta Jansson
Publicerad i Scandinavian Economic History Review
Volym 58
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 239-260
ISSN 0358-5522
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Institutionen för socialt arbete
Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen
Sidor 239-260
Språk en
Ämnesord Fattigdom Göteborg Löner välfärdsstat
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi, Socialt arbete, Historia och arkeologi

Sammanfattning

This paper investigates the development of poverty in Sweden using micro data derived from tax files for the city of Göteborg for the years 1925, 1936, 1947, 1958 as well as more recent information. We define poverty as living in a household with a disposable income lower than a poverty line that represents a constant purchasing power all years, as well as poverty lines defined as 60 percent of contemporary median income. Clear reductions of poverty from 1925 to 1947 as well as from 1958 to 1983 are found. We argue that an important poverty reducing mechanism during both periods was narrowing earnings disparities. Further we claim that the poverty reduction from the end of the 1950s to the first half of the 1980s was the outcome of improved transfer systems as well as the establishment of pronounced characteristics of present-day Sweden: the dual earner system.

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