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Adults with autism spectrum disorders and ADHD neuropsychological aspects.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Agneta Nydén
Lena Niklasson
Ola Ståhlberg
Henrik Anckarsäter
Elisabet Wentz
Maria Råstam
Christopher Gillberg
Publicerad i Research in Developmental Disabilities
Volym 31
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 1659-1668
ISSN 0891-4222
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 1659-1668
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.0...
Ämnesord Adolescent, Adult, Asperger Syndrome, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Autistic Disorder, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Female, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Male, Memory, Long-Term, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Severity of Illness Index, Theory of Mind, Verbal Learning, Young Adult
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of neuropsychological deficits appear to be most commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. The effect of the combination of ASD with ADHD (ASD/ADHD) was also studied. One hundred and sixty-one adult individuals (>/=18 years of age) were included in the study. None had full scale IQ less than 71. The neuropsychological investigations included measures of intellectual ability, learning and memory, attention/executive function and theory of mind. The three diagnostic groups showed reduced performance in most cognitive domains. However, within these domains differentiating distinct features could be seen. The dysfunctions of the ASD/ADHD group cannot be seen as a summary of the dysfunctions found in the ASD and ADHD groups. The ADHD seemed to have the most severe neuropsychological impairments of the three groups. No domain-specific deficit typical of any of the diagnostic groups was found.

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