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Influence of Defect Depth on Resonance Frequency Analysis and Insertion Torque Values for Implants Placed in Fresh Extraction Sockets: A Human Cadaver Study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ilser Turkyilmaz
Lars Sennerby
Burak Yilmaz
Burak Bilecenoglu
Esma Nida Ozbek
Publicerad i CLINICAL IMPLANT DENTISTRY AND RELATED RESEARCH
Volym 11
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 52-58
ISSN 1523-0899
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper
Sidor 52-58
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2008...
Ämnesord titanium implants, dental implants, clinical-trial, bone quality, follow-up, in-vitro, immediate, stability, restoration, interface
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

Background: Clinical studies show promising outcomes with implants inserted at the time of extraction. However, this often results in an initial bone defect at the marginal region which preferably should heal for an optimal function. Therefore, monitoring of these implants is vital. Purposes: The aims of this study were to determine the initial stability of implants placed into fresh extraction sockets, and to explore the correlations between the peri-implant bone levels and implant stability parameters. Materials and Methods: Six human cadaver mandibles including all natural teeth were selected for this study. All natural teeth were gently extracted, and 84 implants were immediately placed into fresh extraction sockets with five different implant depths. The maximum insertion torque values were recorded, and primary implant stability measurements were performed by means of resonance frequency analysis (RFA). The vertical distance between implant/abutment junction and the first bone–implant contact was recorded using a periodontal probe. Results: It was found that the insertion torque and RFA were 28.9 ± 7 Ncm and 65.6 ± 9 implant stability quotient (ISQ), respectively, for 420 measurements from all 84 implants. Statistically significant correlation was found between insertion torque and ISQ values (r = 0.86; p < .001) for all implants. Both insertion torque and ISQ values dramatically decreased when the amount of peri-implant vertical bone defect increased. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated a linear relationship between peri-implant vertical bone defect depth and RFA value. It is proposed that the RFA method is sensitive to detect changes of the marginal bone level and may be used to monitor healing of peri-implant bone defects.

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