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Repeated evolution of reproductive isolation in a marine snail - unveiling mechanisms of speciation

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Kerstin Johannesson
Marina Panova
Petri Kemppainen
Carl André
Emilio Rolán-Alvarez
Roger Butlin
Publicerad i Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biology
Volym 365
Nummer/häfte 1547
Sidor 1735-1747
ISSN 0962-8436
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Institutionen för marin ekologi
Sidor 1735-1747
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0256
Ämnesord Littorina saxatilis, speciation, marine ecology
Ämneskategorier Genetik, Marin ekologi

Sammanfattning

Distinct ecotypes of the snail Littorina saxatilis, each linked to a specific shore microhabitat, form a mosaic-like pattern with narrow hybrid zones in between, over which gene flow is 10–30% of within-ecotype gene flow. Multi-locus comparisons cluster populations by geographic affinity independent of ecotype, while loci under selection group populations by ecotype. The repeated occurrence of partially reproductively isolated ecotypes and the conflicting patterns in neutral and selected genes can either be explained by separation in allopatry followed by secondary overlap and extensive introgression that homogenizes neutral differences evolved under allopatry, or by repeated evolution in parapatry, or in sympatry, with the same ecotypes appearing in each local site. Data from Spain, the UK and Sweden give stronger support for a non-allopatric model of ecotype formation than for an allopatric model. Several different non-allopatric mechanisms can, however, explain the repeated evolution of the ecotypes: (i) parallel evolution by new mutations in different populations; (ii) evolution from standing genetic variation; and (iii) evolution in concert with rapid spread of new positive mutations among populations inhabiting similar environments. These models make different predictions that can be tested using comprehensive phylogenetic information combined with candidate loci sequencing.

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