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Luftrörsobstruktiva besvär och eksem oväntat vanligt hos svenska spädbarn. Intressanta fynd i enkätstudie om kost-och levnadsvanor hos småbarn.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Bernt Alm
Per Möllborg
Laslo Erdes
Rolf Pettersson
Nils Åberg
Gunnar Norvenius
Göran Wennergren
Publicerad i Läkartidningen
Volym 102
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 472-4, 476
ISSN 0023-7205
Publiceringsår 2005
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 472-4, 476
Språk sv
Länkar www.lakartidningen.se/07engine.php?...
Ämnesord Allergens/adverse effects, Bronchial Diseases/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Eczema/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Female, *Food Habits, Humans, Hypersensitivity/epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Infant, Infant Food, *Life Style, Lung Diseases, Obstructive/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Male, Questionnaires, Respiratory Sounds/etiology/immunology, Sweden/epidemiology
Ämneskategorier Dermatologi och venereologi, Barn

Sammanfattning

In our questionnaire study of 599 six-month-old and 512 twelve-month-old infants born in Western Sweden, we found that parents continued to adhere to outdated primary preventive recommendations against introducing eggs and fish early in the diet. Thirty-five percent of parents had not introduced eggs and 15% of the parents had not introduced fish by the time the infant was ten months old. We could also confirm a high prevalence of wheezing. At twelve months, 17.6 % had had one or more episode of wheezing. Of the twelve-month-old infants, 4.1% had received or were being given inhaled corticosteroids. Twenty-five% had or had had eczema at twelve months. 11% had been admitted to a neonatal ward and one-half of these had then been given broad-spectrum antibiotics (5.9% of all twelve-month-old infants in the study). 37% of the households kept fur-bearing pets. We believe that the questionnaire used in this study can be a useful instrument for estimating the effects of lifestyle and environmental factors on the development of future asthma and allergy.

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