Till sidans topp

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion
Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11 15:12

Tipsa en vän
Utskriftsversion

Asthma in late adolescenc… - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Asthma in late adolescence - farm childhood is protective and the prevalence increase has levelled off

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Göran Wennergren
Linda Ekerljung
Bernt Alm
Jonas Eriksson
Jan Lötvall
Bo Lundbäck
Publicerad i Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volym 21
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 806-813
ISSN 1399-3038
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Krefting Research Centre
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 806-813
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2010...
Ämnesord Asthma, respiratory symptoms, epidemiology, adolescence, farm childhood, smoking
Ämneskategorier Allergologi, Lungmedicin och allergi

Sammanfattning

While the prevalence of and risk factors for asthma in childhood have been studied extensively, the data for late adolescence are more sparse. The aim of this study was to provide up-to-date information on the prevalence of and risk factors for asthma in the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. A secondary aim was to analyze whether the increase in asthma prevalence has levelled off. A large-scale, detailed postal questionnaire focusing on asthma and respiratory symptoms, as well as possible risk factors, was mailed to 30 000 randomly selected subjects aged 16-75 in Gothenburg and the surrounding western Sweden region. The present analyses are based on the responses from 1261 subjects aged 16-20 (560 men and 701 women). The prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma was 9.5%, while 9.6% reported the use of asthma medicine. In the multivariate analysis, the strongest risk factors for physician-diagnosed asthma and other asthma variables were heredity for asthma and heredity for allergy, particularly if they occurred together. Growing up on a farm significantly reduced the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and the likelihood of using asthma medication, OR 0.1 (95% CI 0.02-0.95). Smoking increased the risk of recurrent wheeze, long-standing cough, and sputum production. In conclusion, the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and the use of asthma medication in the 16- to 20-yr age group support the notion that the increase in asthma prevalence seen between the 1950s and the 1990s has now levelled off. In line with the hygiene hypothesis, a farm childhood significantly reduced the likelihood of asthma. The adverse effects of smoking could already be seen at this young age.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?