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Exploring the Impact of Foreign Aid on Corruption – Has the ‘Anti-Corruption’ Movement Been Effective?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Nicholas Charron
Publicerad i Developing Economies
Volym 49
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 66-88
ISSN 0012-1533
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Quality of Government Institute (QoG)
Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 66-88
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1049.2010...
Ämnesord Corruption, Foreign Aid, Development, Multilateral ODA, Bilateral ODA, International Organizations
Ämneskategorier Ekonometri, Freds- och utvecklingsforskning

Sammanfattning

: Though many studies have referred to an ‘anti-corruption movement’ beginning in the 1990’s by major international organizations, none has empirically tested its effectiveness on corruption. The data show that from 1997 on, the impact of multilateral aid is strongly and robustly associated with lower corruption levels, while bilateral aid is shown to be an insignificant determinant. An increase in any ODA pre-1997 is associated with higher levels of corruption or has no impact at all. Using panel data from 1986-2006, this study reveals a more nuanced relationship between ODA and corruption than in previous studies and demonstrates that when disaggregating the time periods, there are sensitive temporal effects of ODA’s effect on corruption overlooked by earlier studies, and provides initial evidence of the effectiveness of the international organization (IO), anti-corruption movement in the developing world.

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