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Stenotrophomonas species differentiation by MLSA of gyrB and rpoD and identification of isolates from clinical and environmental samples

Poster (konferens)
Författare Liselott A Svensson
Sashka A Mihaylova
M Sredkova
Edward R.B. Moore
Publicerad i FEMS 2009 - 3rd Congress of European Microbiologists
Sidor 196
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar
Sidor 196
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Biologisk systematik

Sammanfattning

Background: Stenotrophomonas species are commonly observed in clinical and environmental samples. S. maltophilia is associated with respiratory infections, is recognized as the third most common nosocomial Gram-negative, non-fermenting bacterium and is isolated from a range of environmental ecosystems, often exhibiting biodegradation and other biotechnological potential. Identification of Stenotrophomonas spp. is famously problematic, due to lack of phenotypic markers, as well as limited 16S rRNA gene sequence differentiation. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the applicability of “house-keeping” genes gyrB and rpoD as biomarkers for species-level differentiation within Stenotrophomonas. Methods: Selected regions from gyrB and rpoD of Stenotrophomonas spp., including all type strains, were amplified by PCR and sequenced, for comparative analyses. Results: Comparative sequence analyses of targeted regions of gyrB and rpoD enabled effective resolution of all species in Stenotrophomonas. Dissimilarities between the sequences of the type strains of S. maltophilia and other Stenotrophomonas spp. ranged from 10.2 – 14.7 % (gyrB) and 13.0 – 21.7 % (rpoD). Inter-species sequence dissimilarities of gyrB and rpoD ranged from 7.2 % --18.0 % and from 5.5 % - 22.8%, respectively. Compared with Stenotrophomonas spp. 16S rRNA gene sequence dissimilarities, (0.9 – 3.1 %), both house keeping genes exhibit better capacity for reliably differentiating Stenotrophomonas species. Clinical isolates identified as S. maltophilia were analysed by gyrB and rpoD sequence analyses. These data elucidated high levels of sequence dissimilarities among isolates, bringing into question the identifications determined by traditional methods, as well as the resolution of the taxonomy of Stenotrophomonas. These questions are being addressed in more detail. Conclusions: Analyses of house-keeping genes gyrB and rpoD exhibited effective species-level differentiation for Stenotrophomonas, which can be applied, in combination with 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses to provide an MLSA strategy for genotypic analyses for reliable identifications of isolates from clinical and environmental samples.

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