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Growth hormone-releasing hormone promotes survival of cardiac myocytes in vitro and protects against ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rat heart.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Riccarda Granata
Letizia Trovato
Maria Pia Gallo
Silvia Destefanis
Fabio Settanni
Francesca Scarlatti
Alessia Brero
Roberta Ramella
Marco Volante
Jörgen Isgaard
Renzo Levi
Mauro Papotti
Giuseppe Alloatti
Ezio Ghigo
Publicerad i Cardiovascular research
Volym 83
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 303-12
ISSN 1755-3245
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin
Sidor 303-12
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvp090
Ämnesord 1-Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase, metabolism, Adenylate Cyclase, metabolism, Adrenergic beta-Agonists, pharmacology, Animals, Apoptosis, drug effects, Calcium, metabolism, Caspase 3, metabolism, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cyclic AMP, metabolism, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, metabolism, Cytoprotection, Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone, analogs & derivatives, metabolism, pharmacology, Isoproterenol, pharmacology, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1, metabolism, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3, metabolism, Myocardial Contraction, drug effects, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, metabolism, pathology, prevention & control, Myocytes, Cardiac, drug effects, enzymology, metabolism, pathology, Perfusion, RNA, Messenger, metabolism, Rats, Receptors, Neuropeptide, antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism, Receptors, Pituitary Hormone-Regulating Hormone, antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism, Recovery of Function, Signal Transduction, drug effects, genetics, Time Factors, Ventricular Function, Le
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

AIMS: The hypothalamic neuropeptide growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) stimulates GH synthesis and release in the pituitary. GHRH also exerts proliferative effects in extrapituitary cells, whereas GHRH antagonists have been shown to suppress cancer cell proliferation. We investigated GHRH effects on cardiac myocyte cell survival and the underlying signalling mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed GHRH receptor (GHRH-R) mRNA in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) and in rat heart H9c2 cells. In ARVMs, GHRH prevented cell death and caspase-3 activation induced by serum starvation and by the beta-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol. The GHRH-R antagonist JV-1-36 abolished GHRH survival action under both experimental conditions. GHRH-induced cardiac cell protection required extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt activation and adenylyl cyclase/cAMP/protein kinase A signalling. Isoproterenol strongly upregulated the mRNA and protein of the pro-apoptotic inducible cAMP early repressor, whereas GHRH completely blocked this effect. Similar to ARVMs, in H9c2 cardiac cells, GHRH inhibited serum starvation- and isoproterenol-induced cell death and apoptosis through the same signalling pathways. Finally, GHRH improved left ventricular recovery during reperfusion and reduced infarct size in Langendorff-perfused rat hearts, subjected to ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. These effects involved PI3K/Akt signalling and were inhibited by JV-1-36. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that GHRH promotes cardiac myocyte survival through multiple signalling mechanisms and protects against I/R injury in isolated rat heart, indicating a novel cardioprotective role of this hormone.

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