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Early reading and spelling abilities in children with severe speech and physical impairment: A cross-linguistic comparison.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Maria Larsson
Annika Dahlgren Sandberg
Martine Smith
Publicerad i Research in developmental disabilities
Volym 30
Sidor 70-95
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 70-95
Språk en
Ämnesord Reading; Spelling; Phonological awareness; Memory; SSPI; Cross-linguistic
Ämneskategorier Kognitionsforskning

Sammanfattning

Early reading and spelling abilities in children from Ireland and Sweden with severe speech and physical impairment (SSPI) were studied and compared. The aim was to look for similarities as well as for differences that could be related to the different linguistic environments. Both group consisted of 15 children, and were matched on linguistic age. Reading and spelling as well as phonological awareness and memory were tested. Both groups performed fairly well on the phonological awareness tasks, but the Swedish children did not seem to manage to use this ability successfully for reading and spelling. Overall the Irish children showed a slightly stronger performance, and were significantly better at the reading tasks. There were some signs that children were affected by the structure of their individual languages. The Irish children revealed the greatest problems with pseudoword spelling which is in line with results from speaking children with English as their mother tongue and could be a result of using a strategy based on larger linguistic units. The Swedish children had particular problems with tasks presented without oral support, which may be an effect of memory problems due to their lack of articulatory ability.

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