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Who knows? Knowledge activation, belief in certainty of knowledge, maximization tendencies and need for cognition in answerability judgments.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sandra Buratti
Carl Martin Allwood
Bodil Karlsson
Publicerad i The Journal of general psychology
Volym 144
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 35-58
ISSN 0022-1309
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 35-58
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2016.12...
Ämnesord Answerability judgments, individual differences, belief in certainty of knowledge, maximization, need for cognition
Ämneskategorier Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)

Sammanfattning

In this study, investigating answerability judgments, 123 participants judged whether each of 46 general knowledge questions could currently be answered by themselves, by someone else, or by no one. There were 26 consensus questions (high expected consensus about their answerability) and 20 non-consensus questions. Before each question, half of the participants rated the extent of their knowledge related to the question. Results showed that answering consensus questions compared with non-consensus led to a lower proportion of “No one knows” answers. Moreover, in the knowledge rating condition compared with the control condition, participants choose " No one knows" proportionally less. Participants’ ratings of belief in certainty of knowledge were associated with more “Someone else knows” for the non-consensus questions. Moreover, tendency to maximization led to a higher proportion of “Someone else knows” options for the non-consensus questions. Finally, high need for cognition was associated with fewer choices of “Someone else knows.”

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Utskriftsdatum: 2019-12-11