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Reexamining the relationship between press freedom and corruption

Artikel i övriga tidskrifter
Författare Mathias A. Färdigh
Emma Andersson
Henrik Oscarsson
Publicerad i QoG Working Paper Series, Gothenburg: The Quality of Government Institute
Volym 2011:13
Sidor 32
ISSN 1653-8919
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMG)
Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 32
Språk en
Länkar www.qog.pol.gu.se/working_papers/20...
Ämnesord Press freedom, corruption, democracy, quality of government, fixed effects vector decomposition
Ämneskategorier Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

This working paper demonstrates that research on the relationship between press freedom and corruption is far from completed, and that additional and new approaches are required to move forward. Here, we combine two different models of the relationship and bring forward more and improved data, including indicators of press freedom, and a number of different measures of corruption. In addition, we apply new estimation techniques to analyze our data. Based on these estimation techniques, it is therefore feasible to handle known problems that arise when estimating models with time-invariant or almost time-invariant variables correlated with unit effects. Similar techniques has not yet been applied in previous research on the relationship between press freedom and corruption. Thus, our application will serve as a robustness test of earlier findings. The results stress the importance of looking beyond the simple models of direct effects of press freedom and the level of corruption, as the relationship seems to be more complicated than that. Our results show that the role of a free press in fighting corruption differs depending on whether the country at play has a well, newly, or non-established electoral democracy. The effect of press freedom on corruption starts off negative or insignificant for countries with low levels of democracy, and becomes more positive the more democratic a country is.

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Utskriftsdatum: 2020-08-07