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Acute effects after occupational endotoxin exposure at a spa.

Artikel i övriga tidskrifter
Författare Mathias Holm
Sandra Johannesson
Kjell Torén
Anna Dahlman-Höglund
Publicerad i Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 153-5
ISSN 0355-3140
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin
Sidor 153-5
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adult, Aerosols, adverse effects, analysis, Air Pollutants, Occupational, adverse effects, analysis, Beauty, Dust, analysis, Endotoxins, adverse effects, Female, Fever, chemically induced, Humans, Male, Occupational Exposure, adverse effects, analysis, Seaweed
Ämneskategorier Lungmedicin och allergi

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVES: Two spa workers reported such symptoms as fever, shivering, palpitation, arthralgia, and diarrhea after performing seaweed massages on clients at a spa center. This study was carried out to determine whether the symptoms were related to exposure to endotoxin. METHODS: Personal and stationary air sampling for the measurement of airborne endotoxin was carried out at the spa during the preparation of a bath and the following seaweed massage. In addition, the impact of storage time on the concentration of endotoxin in the seaweed was investigated. RESULTS: The measurements confirmed exposure to aerosolized endotoxin at the spa (11 ng/m (2)and 22 ng/m (3)). The endotoxin concentration in the stored seaweed increased as the storage time increased, from 360 ng/g seaweed for fresh seaweed to 33100 ng/g seaweed for seaweed stored for >20 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Organic dust toxic syndrome was diagnosed for two workers who performed seaweed massages at a spa center at which aerosolized endotoxin was measured. In order to minimize entotoxin exposure during massages, it is important to use fresh seaweed or seaweed kept well cooled for no more than 2-3 weeks.

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