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A grounded theory exploration of the first visit to a cancer clinic--strategies for achieving acceptance.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sofie Jakobsson
György Horvath
Karin Ahlberg
Publicerad i European journal of oncology nursing : the official journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Volym 9
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 248-57
ISSN 1462-3889
Publiceringsår 2005
Publicerad vid Institutionen för särskilda specialiteter, Avdelningen för onkologi
Institutionen för omvårdnad
Sidor 248-57
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2004.08.0...
Ämnesord Adaptation, Psychological, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Ambulatory Care, psychology, Attitude of Health Personnel, Attitude to Health, Continuity of Patient Care, standards, Cost of Illness, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Needs Assessment, Neoplasms, psychology, Nursing Methodology Research, Patient Education as Topic, standards, Professional-Patient Relations, Qualitative Research, Questionnaires, Self Efficacy, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Omvårdnad

Sammanfattning

The purpose of this study was to investigate cancer patients' experiences of their first visit to a cancer clinic. Nine patients with various cancer diagnoses about to receive curative cancer treatment were interviewed after their first visit to the clinic. A qualitative research approach based on Grounded Theory was used throughout the research process. The data analysis gave rise to a process leading to a core category which showed how patients can reach acceptance of the impact cancer has on their lives. Five different categories were identified as being important for reaching acceptance, namely action, knowledge, respect, continuity and confidence. The patients expressed the need for receiving treatment for their cancer without delay, and for continuity in their care. They needed to be given individualized, relevant information about their illness and to be treated with respect. If these needs were met a feeling of confidence resulted. Meeting all of these needs helped patients accept the impact cancer had on their lives, as did confidence in the care being given. Acceptance was reached when patients felt they could actively participate in treatment decisions, when they knew what to expect and when they felt they were being treated as individuals. Health care professionals should be aware of these needs, and should try to treat their patients as individuals and thus help them to achieve acceptance.

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