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The impact of solar home systems on rural livelihoods. Experiences from the Nyimba Energy Service Company in Zambia

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Mathias Gustavsson
Anders Ellegård
Publicerad i Renewable Energy
Volym 29
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 1059-1072
ISSN 0960-1481
Publiceringsår 2004
Publicerad vid Institutionen för omvärldsstudier av människans villkor, avdelningen för humanekologi
Sidor 1059-1072
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2003.11...
Ämnesord Zambia; Solar photovoltaic; Energy service; ESCO; Livelihood; Rural households; End-use appliances
Ämneskategorier Miljöteknik, Teknik och social förändring

Sammanfattning

An Energy Service Company (ESCO) in the town of Nyimba, Zambia, has been operating 100 solar home systems since the year 2000. The company is part of a pilot project implemented by the Government of Zambia with the aim to apply the ESCO concept for diffusion of solar technology. The change in livelihood as a result of the access to electric services has been investigated in a survey. Clients were satisfied with the services they receive, although they are paying more than previously for energy. Light hours did not increase, but the quality of light was improved, enabling activities such as domestic work at night and studying for longer hours. Many of the clients had acquired TV and video, and become part of a more global culture. Appliances for entertainment, such as video and TV, were considered more attractive than productive appliances such as a water pump by many respondents. In some cases also people from households without solar installations benefited from the installations, for instance, children gathering in houses with solar to study at night.

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