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Dietary fat and the regulation of energy intake in human subjects

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lauren Lissner
DA Levitsky
BJ Strupp
HJ Kalkwarf
DA Roe
Publicerad i American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volym 46
Sidor 886-892
Publiceringsår 1987
Publicerad vid
Sidor 886-892
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden

Sammanfattning

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. The role of dietary fat in the regulation of energy intake was assessed by manipulating a conventional diet and measuring spontaneous food consumption. Twenty-four women each consumed a sequence of three 2-wk dietary treatments in which 15-20%, 30-35%, or 45-50% of the energy was derived from fat. These diets consisted of foods that were similar in appearance and palatability but differed in the amount of high-fat ingredients used. Relative to their energy consumption on the medium-fat diet, the subjects spontaneously consumed an 11.3% deficit on the low-fat diet and a 15.4% surfeit on the high-fat diet (p less than 0.0001), resulting in significant changes in body weight (p less than 0.001). A small amount of caloric compensation did occur (p less than 0.02), which was greatest in the leanest subjects (p less than 0.03). These results suggest that habitual, unrestricted consumption of low-fat diets may be an effective approach to weight control. PMID: 3687822 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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