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Do we eat less fat, or ju… - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
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Do we eat less fat, or just report so?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Berit L Heitmann
Lauren Lissner
M Osler
Publicerad i International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
Volym 24
Sidor 435-442
Publiceringsår 2000
Publicerad vid Institutionen för samhällsmedicin, Avdelningen för allmänmedicin
Sidor 435-442
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden

Sammanfattning

Department of Medicine CF, Glostrup University Hospital, Denmark. BeHe@Glostruphosp.KbhAmt.dk OBJECTIVE: To examine secular trends in diet reporting error. METHODS: Dietary information was obtained from 228 Danish men and women in 1987-88, and from 122 men and women in 1993-94. RESULTS: Bias in dietary reporting of energy and protein intake was assessed by comparing reported intake with intake data, estimated from 24 h nitrogen output, validated by administering P-aminobenzoic acid, and estimated 24 h energy expenditure. Total energy was under-reported more than energy from protein at both surveys, suggesting that energy from other nutrients, like fat and/or carbohydrate, must have been under-reported too. There was a greater under-reporting for energy than for protein in 1993-94 (29%) than in 1987-88 (15%). Obesity was positively associated with under-reporting, both in 1987-88 and in 1993-94. CONCLUSION: The higher macro-nutrient specific error in 1993-94 compared to 1987-88 may reflect a trend to increasingly omitting fat and/or carbohydrate-rich foods in dietary reporting. This may be a consequence of increased awareness of diet intake, which, in turn, may be related to intensified public health campaigns to reduce intake of fat and/or simple carbohydrate. These results may have consequences for our understanding of the apparent decline in dietary fat and associated health benefits. PMID: 10805500 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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