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The Impact of Education Policies on Socioeconomic Inequality in Student Achievement: A Review of Comparative Studies.

Kapitel i bok
Författare Rolf Strietholt
Jan-Eric Gustafsson
Nina Hogrebe
Victoria Rolfe
Monica Rosén
Isa Steinmann
Kajsa Yang Hansen
Publicerad i Education Policy & Social Inequality, vol 4.
Sidor 17-38
ISBN 978-981-13-9862-9
ISSN 2520-1476
Förlag Springer Nature
Förlagsort Singapore
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik
Sidor 17-38
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-...
Ämnesord Student achievement, Socioeconomic status, Inequality, Comparative analysis
Ämneskategorier Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik

Sammanfattning

This chapter reviews international comparative studies on the determinants of socioeconomic inequality in student performance. We were interested in studies of explanatory variables that are amenable to educational policy interventions. To identify such publications, we developed a comprehensive search strategy and conducted an electronic search based on six databases. We also manually searched two existing hand-picked reviews. After duplicates were removed, the search resulted in 814 references, of which a total of 35 studies met the eligibility criteria. The included studies investigated diverse topics such as learning environments inside and outside of school, educational expenditure, teacher education, autonomy, accountability, differentiation, and competition from private schools. Most studies are descriptive in nature and their findings are sometimes ambiguous. Despite these limitations, we tentatively conclude that the opportunity of choice reinforces inequality. Measures that target social selection can be effective.

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