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Vimentin is required for normal accumulation of body fat

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ulrika Wilhelmsson
Pia Stillemark-Billton
Jan Borén
Milos Pekny
Publicerad i Biological Chemistry
Volym 400
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor 1157-1162
ISSN 1431-6730
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Wallenberglaboratoriet
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap
Sidor 1157-1162
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2019-0170
Ämnesord body mass index, body weight, cellular stress, intermediate filaments, nanofilaments, stress proteins
Ämneskategorier Invärtesmedicin

Sammanfattning

Intermediate filaments (nanofilaments) have many functions, especially in response to cellular stress. Mice lacking vimentin (Vim -/- ) display phenotypes reflecting reduced levels of cell activation and ability to counteract stress, e.g. decreased reactivity of astrocytes after neurotrauma, decreased migration of astrocytes and fibroblasts, attenuated inflammation and fibrosis in lung injury, delayed wound healing, impaired vascular adaptation to nephrectomy, impaired transendothelial migration of lymphocytes, and attenuated atherosclerosis. To address the role of vimentin in fat accumulation, we assessed the body weight and fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in Vim -/- and matched wildtype mice. While the weight of 1.5 month old Vim -/- and wildtype mice was comparable, Vim -/- mice showed decreased body weight at 3.5, 5.5 and 8.5 months (males by 19-22%, females by 18-29%). At 8.5 months, Vim -/- males and females had less body fat compared to wildtype mice (a decrease by 24%, p<0.05, and 33%, p<0.0001, respectively). The body mass index in 8.5 months old Vim -/- mice was lower in males (6.8 vs 7.8, p<0.005) and females (6.0 vs 7.7, p<0.0001) despite the slightly lower body length of Vim -/- mice. Increased mortality was observed in adult Vim -/- males. We conclude that vimentin is required for normal accumulation of body fat. © 2019 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston 2019.

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