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Factors Impeding Social Service Delivery among the Baka Pygmies of Cameroon

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ngambouk Vitalis Pemunta
Publicerad i Journal of Progressive Human Services
ISSN 1042-8232
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för folkhälsoepidemiologi
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/10428232.20...
Ämnesord Modern development; management of services; indigenous development; indigenous peoples; epistemic violence; epistemic decolonization; reflexivity; social work; Baka Pygmies; orientalism; human development
Ämneskategorier Annan naturvetenskap, Psykologi, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap, Social och ekonomisk geografi, Sociologi

Sammanfattning

Conservation organizations, missionaries and the State of Cameroon have put the indigenous hunter-gatherer Baka Pygmy people of southeast Cameroon at the limelight of devel- opment interventions that often do not reflect their needs and aspirations. Despite these benevolent initiatives, the indigenous Baka Pygmy people have remained on the margins of Cameroonian society. This paper attempts to answer the ques- tion: Why has service delivery been challenging to this popula- tion? The paper argues for a vision of people-centered ‘‘friendly’’ as opposed to economic development ‘‘as an act of aggression’’ or an exercise in epistemic violence that prioritizes conservation instead of people and that refuses the Baka’s right to develop- ment on their own terms. The factors stalling development and negatively impacting on the Pygmies’ quality of life include – the Bantu’s dominance of relations with Western(ity), Orientalism and paternalism that refuses the Pygmies freedom of choice and the right to be different. The paper suggests that epistemic decolo- nization, justice and reflexivity in the practice of social work will improve social service delivery among the Baka Pygmy.

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