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Relationship between folate concentration and expression of folate-associated genes in tissue and plasma after intraoperative administration of leucovorin in patients with colorectal cancer

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Helena Taflin
Elisabeth Odin
Kristoffer Derwinger
Göran Carlsson
Bengt Gustavsson
Yvonne Wettergren
Publicerad i Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volym 82
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 987-997
ISSN 0344-5704
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi
Sidor 987-997
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/s00280-018-...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Ämnesord Colorectal cancer Folate Gene expression Pcft Rfc-1
Ämneskategorier Molekylär medicin (genetik och patologi)

Sammanfattning

PURPOSE: The aim of study was to investigate the relationship between folate concentration and expression of folate-associated genes in tumour, mucosa and plasma of patients with colorectal cancer, after intraoperative administration of bolus leucovorin (LV). METHODS: Eighty patients were randomized into four groups to receive 0, 60, 200, or 500 mg/m(2) LV, respectively. Tissue and plasma folate concentrations were assessed by LC-MS/MS. Gene expression of ABCC3/MRP3, FPGS, GGH, MTHFD1L, SLC46A1/PCFT, and SLC19A1/RFC-1 was determined using quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The folate concentration in tumour increased with increasing dosage of LV. Half of the patients treated with 60 mg/m(2) did not reach a level above the levels of untreated patients. A significant correlation between folate concentration in tumour and mucosa was found in untreated patients, and in the group treated with 60 mg/m(2) LV. The 5-MTHF/LV ratio correlated negatively with folate concentration in mucosa, whereas a positive correlation was found in tumour of patients who received 200 or 500 mg/m(2) LV. A positive correlation was found between folate concentration and expression of all genes, except MTHFD1L, in patients who received LV. There was a negative correlation between 5-MTHF concentration in plasma of untreated patients and expression of GGH and SLC46A1/PCFT in tumour. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate the possibility of using the individual plasma 5-MTHF/LV ratio after LV injection as a surrogate marker for tissue folate concentration. Expression of several folate-associated genes is associated with folate concentration in tissue and plasma and may become useful when predicting response to LV treatment.

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