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Exercise testing after chronic total coronary occlusion revascularization in patients with STEMI and a concurrent CTO: A subanalysis of the EXPLORE-trial.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare van Veelen Anna
van Dongen Ivo M
Elias Joelle
Truls Råmunddal
Eriksen Erlend
van der Schaaf René
Claessen Bimmer E P M
Postema Pieter G
Henriques José P S
Publicerad i Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
ISSN 1522-726X
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28282
Ämneskategorier Kardiovaskulär medicin


To assess the effect of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO PCI) on ventricular ectopy (VE) and symptomatology during exercise testing.During exercise, the hypoxic myocardium in the CTO-territory can act as a substrate for VE and could lead to anginal complaints.In the EXPLORE-trial, 302 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-patients were randomized to CTO PCI or no-CTO PCI. For this sub-study, we analyzed all available exercise electrocardiograms (X-ECGs) at 4 months follow-up on symptoms and electrocardiographic parameters.A total of 155 X-ECGs were available, 80 in the CTO PCI group (51.6%) and 75 in the no-CTO PCI group (48.4%). There were no differences regarding exercised time, achieved endurance, ST-deviation nor maximum heart-rate. The percentage of patients experiencing chest-pain during exercise was lower in the CTO PCI group (0% vs. 8.5%, p = .03). Also, there was a trend towards a higher maximum systolic blood pressure (SBP, 185 mmHg vs. 175, p = .09). No difference in VE was found between randomization groups, but patients with successful CTO PCI had a higher frequency of VE, compared to failed and no-CTO PCI (26% vs. 8%, p = .02). This did not result in higher frequencies of sustained ventricular arrhythmias or mortality.In conclusion, in STEMI-patients, CTO PCI is associated with a small reduction of chest-pain during exercise and tended to be associated with an increase of maximum SBP. The observation that successful CTO PCI was associated with more VE during exercise, compared with failed/no-CTO PCI needs further exploration.

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