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A triadic perspective on control perceptions in youth with type 1 diabetes and their parents: Associations with treatment adherence and glycemic control.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sofie Prikken
Koen Raymaekers
Leen Oris
Jessica Rassart
Philip Moons
Koen Luyckx
Publicerad i Diabetes research and clinical practice
Volym 150
Sidor 264-273
ISSN 1872-8227
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor 264-273
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.0...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

A family approach was applied to examine youth, maternal, and paternal control perceptions in relation to type 1 diabetes outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults. Mean levels of personal and treatment control were compared among patients and parents. Their associations with diabetes outcomes were examined as well.The sample included 330 patient-mother-father triads. Patients' (48% male) mean age was 18.25 years (SD=2.98). All respondents reported on their control perceptions and youth treatment adherence. Physicians provided HbA1c-values.Paired-samples t-tests revealed higher personal control in patients compared to parents. Regression analyses examined if control perceptions predicted treatment adherence and HbA1c. Main effects for patient and maternal personal control and two-way interactions showed the best outcomes when both patients and mothers reported high personal control. Main effects of patient, maternal, and paternal treatment control and three-way interaction terms revealed better outcomes in case of high treatment control in patients and at least one parent, while the poorest outcomes were observed in case of low treatment control in all respondents.The findings highlight the importance of parental control perceptions on top of patients' own perceptions. A family perspective on illness perceptions and their associations with diabetes outcomes is encouraged.

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