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Bronze Age Textile & Wool Economy: The Case of the Terramare Site of Montale, Italy

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Serena Sabatini
Timothy Earle
Andrea Cardarelli
Publicerad i Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Volym 84
Sidor 359-385
ISSN 0079-497X
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för historiska studier
Sidor 359-385
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2018.11
Ämnesord Bronze Age, commodity flows, community of practice, contexts of specialisation, craft production, Italy, political economy, spindle whorls
Ämneskategorier Teknik och kultur, Arkeologi

Sammanfattning

ABSTRACT At the onset of the 2nd millennium bc, a wool economy emerged across continental Europe. Archaeological, iconographical, and written sources from the Near East and the Aegean show that a Bronze Age wool economy involved considerable specialised labour and large scale animal husbandry. Resting only on archaeological evidence, detailed knowledge of wool economies in Bronze Age Europe has been limited, but recent investigations at the Terramare site of Montale, in northern Italy, document a high density of spindle whorls that strongly supports the existence of village-level specialised manufacture of yarn. Production does not appear to have been attached to an emerging elite nor was it fully independent of social constraints. We propose that, although probably managed by local elites, wool production was a community-based endeavour oriented towards exports aimed at obtaining locally unavailable raw materials and goods. © The Prehistoric Society 2018 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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