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Population-Based Long-Term Follow-up of Patients with Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, complications and prognosis

Doktorsavhandling
Författare Khadija Abdulkarim
ISBN 978-91-629-0354-1 (PRINT)
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin
Språk en
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/54527
Ämnesord essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, myelofibrosis
Ämneskategorier Invärtesmedicin

Sammanfattning

ABSTRACT Philadelphia chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph-MPNs) are rare clonal hematological malignancies, mainly including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and myelofibrosis (MF). Patients with these diseases run a high risk of vascular complications and may transform to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Population-based studies relating to these issues are few in number. The aims were (i) to investigate the rate of AML development in subtypes of Ph-MPNs, (ii) to determine whether clinical and bone marrow findings at diagnosis have an impact on survival and vascular complications in PV and ET, (iii) to find prognostic tools based on clinical findings in newly diagnosed PV and (iv) to describe the “real”-life data from newly diagnosed PV and ET. We have investigated these issues in population-based material; study (i) and (iii) were based on patients from both Gothenburg, Sweden, and the Côte d`Or area, France. Study (ii) was based only from Gothenburg and study (iv) comprised PV and ET patients in the National MPN Registry. In the median observation period of 15 years, 7% (56 of 795) of patients with Ph-MPN transformed to AML. The yearly rate of AML transformation was significantly higher in MF (1.09%) compared with that of ET (0.37%) and PV (0.38%); (p = 0.02 and p = 0.002 respectively). Patients with PV had a significantly shorter survival compared with the general Swedish population (HR 1.66; CI: (1.38-1.99); p < 0.001). For ET, however, the corresponding survival differences did not reach statistical significance (HR 1.23; CI: (0.97-1.51); p = 0.089). Low hemoglobin at the time of diagnosis predicted poor survival in ET (p = 0.0281) and splenomegaly predicted poor survival in PV (p = 0.037). Using multivariate analysis, independent risk factors at diagnosis for survival in PV patients were identified as age > 70 years, WBC > 13×109/L and thrombotic events. Patients with none of these risk factors had a 10-year relative survival (RS) of 84%, compared with 59% and 26% in patients with one and two or three risk factors respectively. In the fourth study, we showed that vascular complications preceded an MPN diagnosis in 35% of ET and 37% of PV and multivariate analysis identified low hemoglobin as a risk factor for thromboembolic complications in PV (p = 0.012), while in ET age > 65 years, WBC > 12 × 109 /L and the presence of the JAK2 V617F mutation were independent risk factors (p = 0.0004, p = 0.0038 and p = 0.0016 respectively).

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