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Trends in smoking initiation in Europe over 40 years: A retrospective cohort study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Marcon
G. Pesce
L. Calciano
V. Bellisario
S. C. Dharmage
J. Garcia-Aymerich
T. Gislasson
J. Heinrich
Mathias Holm
C. Janson
D. Jarvis
B. Leynaert
M. C. Matheson
P. Pirina
C. Svanes
S. Villani
T. Zuberbier
C. Minelli
S. Accordini
Publicerad i Plos One
Volym 13
Nummer/häfte 8
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.020...
Ämnesord respiratory-health-survey, tobacco control, asthma, interventions, adolescents, prevalence, countries, responses, obesity, minors, Science & Technology - Other Topics
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Background Tobacco consumption is the largest avoidable health risk. Understanding changes of smoking over time and across populations is crucial to implementing health policies. We evaluated trends in smoking initiation between 1970 and 2009 in random samples of European populations. We pooled data from six multicentre studies involved in the Ageing Lungs in European Cohorts consortium, including overall 119,104 subjects from 17 countries (range of median ages across studies: 33-52 years). We estimated retrospectively trends in the rates of smoking initiation (uptake of regular smoking) by age group, and tested birth cohort effects using Age-Period-Cohort (APC) modelling. We stratified all analyses by sex and region (North, East, South, West Europe). Smoking initiation during late adolescence (16-20 years) declined for both sexes and in all regions (except for South Europe, where decline levelled off after 1990). By the late 2000s, rates of initiation during late adolescence were still high (40-80 per 1000/year) in East, South, and West Europe compared to North Europe (20 per 1000/year). Smoking initiation rates during early adolescence (11-15 years) showed a marked increase after 1990 in all regions (except for North European males) but especially in West Europe, where they reached 40 per 1000/year around 2005. APC models supported birth cohort effects in the youngest cohorts. Smoking initiation is still unacceptably high among European adolescents, and increasing rates among those aged 15 or less deserve attention. Reducing initiation in adolescents is fundamental, since youngsters are particularly vulnerable to nicotine addiction and tobacco adverse effects.

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