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High burden of Aspergillus fumigatus infection among chronic respiratory diseases

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Y. Fukuda
T. Homma
Shintaro Suzuki
T. Takuma
A. Tanaka
T. Yokoe
T. Ohnishi
Y. Niki
H. Sagara
Publicerad i Chronic Respiratory Disease
Volym 15
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 279-285
ISSN 1479-9723
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Krefting Research Centre
Sidor 279-285
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/1479972318761654
Ämnesord Aspergillus fumigatus, chronic respiratory disease, lung fibrosis, COPD, asthma, idiopathic pulmonary-fibrosis, lung-disease, pathogenesis, microbiome, diagnosis
Ämneskategorier Lungmedicin och allergi

Sammanfattning

Aspergillus fumigatus (AF) is a ubiquitous fungus in our environment and causes severe airway disorders. Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) are a series of chronic airway and lung diseases. Although both are chronic disorders, however, the relationships between AF and CRDs are still unclear. Therefore, we examined 104 Aspergillus species (spp.) isolated samples in our hospital during three consecutive years to further elucidate the relationships between Aspergillus spp. and CRDs. Based on sample isolates, we then grouped these into two groups, AF and non-AF, to retrospectively analyse the clinical features and to clarify the relationships between AF and CRDs. Importantly, the manifestation of CRD was more frequent in the AF group than in the non-AF group (p = 0.035). Among CRDs, lung fibrosis was more evident in the AF group (p = 0.025). Moreover, diabetes mellitus was tended to be evident in AF group than non-AF group (p = 0.035). In conclusion, CRDs, especially lung fibrosis, were highly prevalent in AF group than non-AF group.

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