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Prehospital identification of factors associated with death during one-year follow-up after acute stroke

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Per-Olof Hansson
M. A. Hagiwara
P. Brink
J. Herlitz
B. W. Sundstrom
Publicerad i Brain and Behavior
Volym 8
Nummer/häfte 6
ISSN 2162-3279
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.987
Ämnesord acute stroke, early chain, mortality, one-year follow-up, thromboembolism, disease, trial, scale, score, care, Behavioral Sciences, Neurosciences & Neurology
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Objectives: In acute stroke, the risk of death and neurological sequelae are obvious threats. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between various clinical factors identified by the emergency medical service (EMS) system before arriving at hospital and the risk of death during the subsequent year among patients with a confirmed stroke. Material and Methods: All patients with a diagnosis of stroke as the primary diagnosis admitted to a hospital in western Sweden (1.6 million inhabitants) during a four-month period were included. There were no exclusion criteria. Results: In all, 1,028 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of stroke who used the EMS were included in the analyses. Among these patients, 360 (35%) died during the following year. Factors that were independently associated with an increased risk of death were as follows: (1) high age, per year OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.05-1.09; (2) a history of heart failure, OR 2.08; 95% CI 1.26-3.42; (3) an oxygen saturation of < 90%, OR 8.05; 95% CI 3.33-22.64; and (4) a decreased level of consciousness, OR 2.19; 95% CI 1.61-3.03. Conclusions: Among patients with a stroke, four factors identified before arrival at hospital were associated with a risk of death during the following year. They were reflected in the patients' age, previous clinical history, respiratory function, and the function of the central nervous system.

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