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Mineral dissolution and reprecipitation mediated by an amorphous phase

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Matthias Konrad-Schmolke
R. Halama
R. Wirth
Aurélien Thomen
N. Klitscher
L. Morales
A. Schreiber
F. D. H. Wilke
Publicerad i Nature Communications
Volym 9
ISSN 2041-1723
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper
Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-...
Ämnesord reactive surface-area, subduction zones, replacement reactions, high-pressure, microstructure, precipitation, nucleation, interfaces, chemistry, mechanism, Science & Technology - Other Topics
Ämneskategorier Mineralvetenskap, Geokemi

Sammanfattning

Fluid-mediated mineral dissolution and reprecipitation processes are the most common mineral reaction mechanism in the solid Earth and are fundamental for the Earth's internal dynamics. Element exchange during such mineral reactions is commonly thought to occur via aqueous solutions with the mineral solubility in the coexisting fluid being a rate limiting factor. Here we show in high-pressure/low temperature rocks that element transfer during mineral dissolution and reprecipitation can occur in an alkali-Al-Si-rich amorphous material that forms directly by depolymerization of the crystal lattice and is thermodynamically decoupled from aqueous solutions. Depolymerization starts along grain boundaries and crystal lattice defects that serve as element exchange pathways and are sites of porosity formation. The resulting amorphous material occupies large volumes in an interconnected porosity network. Precipitation of product minerals occurs directly by repolymerization of the amorphous material at the product surface. This mechanism allows for significantly higher element transport and mineral reaction rates than aqueous solutions with major implications for the role of mineral reactions in the dynamic Earth.

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