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Interaction between chlorhexidine and fluoride in a mouthrinse solution-a 4-day and 6-week randomized clinical pilot study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare O. Villa
Per Ramberg
H. Fukui
Claes-Göran Emilson
G. Papanikolaou
L. Heijl
D. Birkhed
Publicerad i Clin Oral Investig
Volym 22
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 1439-1448
ISSN 1432-6981
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 1439-1448
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-017-2219-...
Ämnesord Chlorhexidine, Clinical trial, Dental plaque, Fluoride, Gingivitis, Microbiology, Mouthwash, novo plaque-formation, streptococcus-mutans, antimicrobial mouthrinses, containing dentifrices, acid production, caries, gingivitis, retention, sodium, susceptibility, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine, dermid as, 1985, caries research, v19, p64
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

The aim of the present investigation was to study if there is a reduced clinical effect and fluoride retention of a mouthrinse solution containing both chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium fluoride (NaF). Two clinical trials were designed as double-blind, randomized, cross-over studies. In study I, 16 healthy subjects were asked to rinse twice daily for 1 min during 4 days of no tooth brushing with four solutions: (1) 0.12% CHX + 0.2% NaF, (2) 0.2% NaF, (3) 0.12% CHX, and (4) placebo. In study II, another 16 healthy subjects rinsed with the same four solutions twice daily after tooth brushing during a 6-week period. Plaque formation, gingivitis, and microbiological samples from plaque and saliva, as well as fluoride retention, were analyzed. Both studies showed that both CHX + NaF and CHX mouthrinses had the same clinical effect with regards to plaque formation and microflora in plaque and saliva. Similarly, fluoride retention was not altered by the CHX + NaF mouthrinse compared to the NaF solution. The combination of CHX and NaF in a mouthrinse showed the same clinical effect as the CHX solution. The retention of fluoride in the oral cavity was not affected by the combination of NaF and CHX. A mouthrinse solution containing a mixture of CHX and NaF may be an interesting product for risk patients for caries and periodontal disease. However, this should be verified in further long-term clinical studies.

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