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The nonlinear relationship between cerebrospinal fluid Aβ42 and tau in preclinical Alzheimer's disease.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Mony J de Leon
Elizabeth Pirraglia
Ricardo S Osorio
Lidia Glodzik
Les Saint-Louis
Hee-Jin Kim
Juan Fortea
Silvia Fossati
Eugene Laska
Carole Siegel
Tracy Butler
Yi Li
Henry Rusinek
Henrik Zetterberg
Kaj Blennow
Publicerad i PloS one
Volym 13
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor e0191240
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor e0191240
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.019...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Alzheimer Disease, cerebrospinal fluid, pathology, Amyloid beta-Peptides, cerebrospinal fluid, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nonlinear Dynamics, Peptide Fragments, cerebrospinal fluid, Spinal Puncture, tau Proteins, cerebrospinal fluid
Ämneskategorier Neurokemi

Sammanfattning

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies consistently show that CSF levels of amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ42) are reduced and tau levels increased prior to the onset of cognitive decline related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the preclinical prediction accuracy for low CSF Aβ42 levels, a surrogate for brain Aβ42 deposits, is not high. Moreover, the pathology data suggests a course initiated by tauopathy contradicting the contemporary clinical view of an Aβ initiated cascade. CSF Aβ42 and tau data from 3 normal aging cohorts (45-90 years) were combined to test both cross-sectional (n = 766) and longitudinal (n = 651) hypotheses: 1) that the relationship between CSF levels of Aβ42 and tau are not linear over the adult life-span; and 2) that non-linear models improve the prediction of cognitive decline. Supporting the hypotheses, the results showed that a u-shaped quadratic fit (Aβ2) best describes the relationship for CSF Aβ42 with CSF tau levels. Furthermore we found that the relationship between Aβ42 and tau changes with age-between 45 and 70 years there is a positive linear association, whereas between 71 and 90 years there is a negative linear association between Aβ42 and tau. The quadratic effect appears to be unique to Aβ42, as Aβ38 and Aβ40 showed only positive linear relationships with age and CSF tau. Importantly, we observed the prediction of cognitive decline was improved by considering both high and low levels of Aβ42. Overall, these data suggest an earlier preclinical stage than currently appreciated, marked by CSF elevations in tau and accompanied by either elevations or reductions in Aβ42. Future studies are needed to examine potential mechanisms such as failing CSF clearance as a common factor elevating CSF Aβxx analyte levels prior to Aβ42 deposition in brain.

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